main page  —  COMP 526 Applied Algorithmics

# Programming Puzzle: Exam-Cheating Codes

This is an archived version of this module from Spring 2020.

This continuous-assessment exercise consists of a small applied project with algorithmic and programming components, including a real-time leaderboard of the competition.

Will you be able to beat your classmates, or even your demonstrator?

As for the Bamboo Trimming Problem, this assignment requires more thinking than coding, and the focus is as much on the process of finding solutions as on the actual outcome.

Note: This puzzle is close to the material of Unit 7 & 8 “in spirit”; however, it does not build on any material from that unit and working on it before we cover Unit 8 in class does not put you at a disadvantage.

## Exam Cheating Codes

Final exams are fast approaching. While you are perfectly well prepared and are eagerly awaiting the examination day, your significant other is much less relaxed about the upcoming exam. Actually, desperate is the appropriate term. You decide to help.

The most frightening test, COMP666, is a multiple-choice exam with 20 questions, and each question requires a single Yes/No answer. You are confident that you can perfectly answer any possible question on behalf of your better half, but of course, the main challenge is how to communicate the answers to your loved one after you left the exam. (To your great relief, the instructor chose not to randomize questions or shuffle answers.)

Clearly, you are not able to enter the exam hall once you have left, but you arrange with your significant other the following code: Honking once (on your moped parked in the side street next to the building) will mean Yes, quickly honking twice means No. Unfortunately, as you figured out from painful experimentation, you have only time to send 10 Yes/No answers before campus police politely removes you (and your irritating source of noise) from university premises.

### Formalization

Clearly, the correct answers to the 20 Yes/No questions of the exam can be given an array of 20 bits $B[0..20)$, where $B[i]=1$ (for $i=0,\ldots,19$) means that the correct answer to the $i$th question is Yes, whereas $B[i] = 0$ means the answer is No.

Likewise, your honking “message” can be encoded as an array of 10 bits $H[0..10)$.

The task now consists in finding a encoding function $e:\lbrace 0,1\rbrace^{20} \to \lbrace0,1\rbrace^{10}$ and a decoding function $d:\lbrace0,1\rbrace^{10} \to \lbrace0,1\rbrace^{20}$ for you respectively your significant other to memorize. Your goal is to get the best guaranteed mark for your sweetie, i.e., to find $d$ and $e$ so that $\max_B d_H(d(e(B)),B)$ is as small as possible. Here, $d_H$ denotes the Hamming distance, and the maximum is taken over all possible bit arrays of size 20.

## Inputs

Your protocol has to work for any possible set of correct answers $B$, and it will be tested on all of them.

Design as good a protocol as you can find!

## Code template

We prepared a Java implementation of the exam sitting that you will use to evaluate your protocol:

Obey the comments! Once you downloaded the code, replace the marked sections in ExamCheatingCode with

1. code for your encoding function and
2. code for your decoding function.

To compile the simulation, extract the zip archive to a folder and run javac *java there. To run a simulation use java SitExam. The output is the minimal number of correctly answered questions that your loved one could achieve with the help of your protocol.

## Deliverables

Submissions are due 4 May on SAM.

This is an individual project; each student has to submit his or her own solution comprising the following:

1. The ExamCheatingCode source file.
2. A document describing how you arrived at the solution (not more than two pages), which also clearly states your achieved best grade guaranteed. Report also on dead ends you tried (what did not work), as well as on arguments why a solution of a certain quality is not possible.

The overall mark will consist of a weighted average.

• 60% for the description.
• 40% for the quality of the achieved solutions. The baseline is the solution that George has found; in principle you could get more than 100% for this subtask if you manage to beat his solution!

## Collaboration

This programming puzzle is mainly an individual project, and you have to submit you own solution. In particular, the description of your solution must be a single-author document.

Collaboration in small groups (not more than five students) on the conceptual level(discussing ideas, not sharing entire solutions) are accepted, but they must be declared in the description document, including proper mention of others’ contributions.